…earlier in 1942…

“…by 1942, [the Dai Nippon Butoku Kai] became literally a part of government organization and it was managed under the direct and joint supervision of ministry of education, ministry of health, ministry of navy, ministry of army and ministry of interior. The headquarters of DNBK located in Heian Shrine was moved to the ministry of health. As a result of this governmental authority, DNBK controlled All Student Soldier Physical Education Promotion Association, Kodokan, Nippon Kobudo Association, All Japan Kendo Federation, and promoted Jukendo, Shagekido (Riflemanship), Kendo, Judo and all Kobudo disciplines for the entire Japan….”

– – – from the official history on the Dai Nippon Butoku Kai website (retrieved Dec 2013)


“….in December 1941, the Butokukai formed a committee to report on the progress of the different budo groups…. In the following year, because of World War II, the Butokukai was reorganized under the auspices of five ministries: Welfare, Education, War, Navy, and National Affairs.”

– – – Dai Nippon Butokukai – An Analysis by Patrick McCarthy
on the International Ryukyu Karate Research Society website (retrieved Dec 2013)


“….1942: DNBK controlled All Japan Kendo Federation and promoted kendo….”

– – – Wikipedia article on the Butokukai (retrieved Dec 2013)


“I was the Director of General Affairs at the Kobukan, beginning around 1942, and I helped out Ueshiba Sensei in daily matters. ‘Aikido,’ rather than being a specifically selected name, was the term used to refer to “Butokukai-ryu” Aiki Budo within the Nihon Butokukai. …The Butokukai was an independent, umbrella organization for the martial arts, and it also was in charge of martial arts in the police departments. It was very difficult to create a new section in the Butokukai at that time. Mr. Hisatomi [of the Kodokan] proposed the establishment of a new section, including arts for actual fighting based on jujutsu techniques…. There was discussion within the Butokukai about the choice of name for this new section….Mr. Hisatomi argued for his proposal energetically, and explained that ‘aikido’ would be better name than Aiki Budo for this new section, because it would be better to stress the idea of ‘michi’ or Way….In the end, no one opposed this proposal. ”

– – – Minoru Hirai Shihan,   Aikido Pioneers – Prewar Era,  pp. 260-1


“…That was not the only effect of the war – government regulation and control extended its reach to include the martial arts. Aikido, at that time variously known as Aiki Budo, Ueshiba-ryu Aiki Budo, or Kobu-Aiki, was to be incorporated into a larger organization, the Butoku-kai, as Aikido-bu, the Aikido section…. Frankly speaking, it was at this point that O Sensei determined to move to Iwama. He did not openly oppose the actions of the government, but his integrity would not allow the art he had built…to be subsumed for convenience into a mere section of a larger, bureaucratic organization….O Sensei left for Iwama, leaving Minoru Hirai…in charge of general affairs at the dojo. Minoru Hirai…was adept at managing the  relationship with the Butoku-kai….”

– – – Nidai Doshu,  A Life in Aikido  p. 266


“After the war ended, Ueshiba Sensei wanted to return to Tokyo, and so he asked me if I wouldn’t set things up by talking to Mr. Minoru Hirai who had been put in charge of the Ushigome Dojo some time during the war. I was to go and talk to him, and get the dojo back for O-Sensei…Everyone listened to what I had to say, but…I ended up feeling a little uncomfortable about going to Tokyo.”

– – – Minoru Mochizuki Shihan,  Aikido Pioneers – Prewar Era  p.91

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